Fire protection systems are installed to prevent or reduce the spread of fire. Some of these systems can automatically alert authorities or suppress fires. While choosing a fire prevention system, consider your building codes and insurance requirements. Some systems are permanent and will be in place for years, so think about future needs when choosing the right system. Listed below are some examples of fire prevention systems and how they can benefit your building.
Active and passive fire prevention systems
While active and passive fire prevention systems NYC are often thought of as separate and distinct, recent developments in technology have led to the inclusion of these systems on a spectrum. Balanced use of both methods can ensure that a building is protected to a level acceptable for occupants. Of course, the efficacy of each system depends on human behavior, which can vary depending on location and occupancies. But the question remains: which system is suitable for your building?
While passive fire protection systems may not be as advanced as active systems, they provide more effective protection than a single type. Passive systems are often integrated into building construction and can remain plain sight. Active systems can trigger a fire door to close if a fire alarm is triggered. While passive systems do not replace active systems, they work well in conjunction. However, passive systems can only be effective when both are in place.
They extinguish fires with water.
Traditionally, water has been used to put out fires. The availability of water and its low cost has prompted its widespread use. Most municipalities are willing to incur additional costs for a more extensive distribution system. However, it is not always effective at suppressing fires. In some instances, water does not put out fires at all. Fire suppression systems using carbon dioxide or water may be more effective.
Another form of water fire extinguishers is the wet chemical type. This type uses a dry chemical extinguishing agent, which is resistant to packing and moisture absorption. Water-based fire extinguishers are most commonly used in buildings where water can cause extensive damage. This fire suppression system is not ideal for high-rise buildings or structures. Fire suppression systems with water effectively put out small-scale fires, such as those occurring in apartment buildings.
They alert occupants to the presence of a fire.
Fire protection systems are active and passive. Active fire protection systems, such as automatic fire sprinklers, contain the spread of fire, disperse water, and alert occupants to the presence of a fire. Passive fire protection systems are less active but still provide critical safety to buildings. Passive systems include the use of fire-resistant building materials. Fire alarms can also be manually operated.
A manual fire alarm system requires human intervention. Using a manual pull station, someone must physically identify smoke or fire to activate the system. Once a fire has been detected, the person who pulled the manual pull station must call emergency services. New buildings, structures, and occupancies with a Group U classification must be equipped with both an automatic and a manual fire alarm system. A manual fire alarm system must have an automatic activation mechanism. Lastly, an electronic plan must be provided to the building owner.
They reduce property loss.
Fire prevention systems, also known as fire protection systems, reduce the risk of property loss caused by fire. They operate by dispersing a substance that smothers flames. The substance used depends on the environment that the system is protecting, and typical examples include carbon dioxide, inert gas, and a variety of dry and liquid agents. Fire prevention systems should be properly installed and tested, and they should be drilled regularly.
Keeping flammable materials out of the building is also essential. The use of fire-resistant containers, such as fire-resistant cabinetry, minimizes the risk of a fire spreading. Fire-resistant cabinets can also help protect essential papers and collections from damage. Good-quality cabinets will help protect the contents of these items. While fire-retardant systems aren’t necessary for all buildings, they can make a big difference.
They work together
In most buildings, two types of fire protection systems work together to keep the structure safe. Active fire suppression systems can control the spread of a fire, while passive smoke curtains direct smoke towards vents. Both passive and active materials can be retrofitted into older buildings. Together, they provide a second level of protection. And, if one is not working, they can be used to supplement active systems. Read on to learn more about how passive and active systems work together.
Combined systems combine fire detection and a sprinkler system. They trigger an automatic fire suppression system when fire detectors detect smoke. They also help protect valuable assets and data from damage caused by a fire. On the other hand, a pre-action system automatically opens a valve when fire detectors detect smoke or heat, while an automatic system works by activating a sprinkler head. However, these systems are expensive to install and maintain, carrying a higher risk of malfunction.