To keep your home in great condition and prevent severe damage in the future, it’s important to watch out for signs of issues with the foundation of your house. Foundation damage can be caused by environmental factors like the climate or soil where you live or by plumbing or drainage problems. Here are some of the most common signs of foundation problems to look for.
While it’s natural for houses to develop small vertical cracks right after construction and over time as it settles, horizontal cracks in the foundation or interior walls can be a sign of excessive pressure or settling. Cracks in a brick or concrete foundation can be especially problematic if they grow wider and allow water or insects to further the damage. If interior wall cracks are ignored, the drywall can develop large tears.
If you notice that your floor seems unlevel because it’s tilted or sagging, this could be another sign that your home needs foundation repair. Uneven floors can be caused by the house settling or sinking over time. If you have a concrete slab foundation, this will manifest as tilting; if you have a pier and beam foundation, the floor may dip. As time goes on, if this problem goes untreated, the foundation will only continue to sink, potentially causing the uneven floor to become a safety hazard.
Sticking Doors and Windows
Exterior and interior doors and windows that don’t work properly are often a sign of foundation problems. Doors may drag at the top or bottom of the frame, stick when they open and close or hang unevenly. Windows may be tough to open and close or show gaps around the frame. Just like foundation settling can cause cracks or uneven floors, the excessive pressure can cause the wood framing in your house to shift.
If you observe one of these changes in your home, keep an eye on them and watch for more signs. While some changes may be harmless, you should check with a professional to keep your home safe and prevent further damage.